From pv magazine USA
If the events of the first few months are any indication of what the rest of 2021 holds for electric vehicles (EVs), it could prove to be a landmark year for the technology.
The administration of President Joe Biden created significant battery and EV demand through the “Made in America” executive order, signed in January. The order directs the federal government to replace its entire existing vehicle fleet with EVs.
At the beginning of February, Ford announced plans to almost double its EV investment to $22 billion through 2025. Along with the Mustang Mach-E, the company’s first electric Mustang, Ford plans to roll out its first E-Transit commercial van in late 2021 and an all-electric F-150 pickup in mid-2022.
In addition, the company has announced a $1.8 billion investment to produce fully electric vehicles at one of its Lincoln manufacturing plants in Canada. It has also started construction on a new factory to build the upcoming F-150 electric pickup next to an existing plant in Michigan.
Earlier this week, Toyota said that it will unveil two EVs for the U.S. market as 2022 models, as part of its plan to introduce 10 new EVs worldwide in the “early 2020s.” Ultimately, Toyota plans to have 40% of all new vehicles electrified by 2025 and 70% of all new vehicles electrified by 2030. The automaker is also working on releasing a solid-state-battery-powered vehicle in the early 2020s.
While the federal government and leading automakers are now quickly working on the electric transportation revolution, not all states have been as willing to embrace the change. The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) recently released the State Transportation Electrification Scorecard, a report that analyzes and grades the comprehensive steps that some states have taken to help residents and businesses to use and charge EVs – and the lack of action taken by others.
Unsurprisingly, California has led the way, garnering 91 out of 100 points. It is the only state to set deadlines to electrify transit buses, heavy trucks, and commercial vehicles. It is also one of a few to offer assistance for lower-income drivers replacing older, high-polluting cars with zero- or near-zero-emissions vehicles. In addition, the state plans to deploy chargers in economically distressed and environmental justice communities.
Following California were New York (63.5 points), Washington, D.C. (59), Maryland (56), Massachusetts (54.5), Washington (54), Vermont (54), Colorado (48), Oregon (47), and New Jersey (44). Twenty states earned 15 points or less.
The report also looked at the country regionally, highlighting one standout state in each region. New York led the Northeast because of incentives for individuals and fleet owners to purchase EVs, state and utility support for EV charging installations, and EV infrastructure equity programs.
Colorado led the Southwest because of the state’s adopted goal of having 940,000 EVs on its roadways by 2030. It also has incentives for EV charging investments and requirements for utilities to file plans for EV charging infrastructure.
Minnesota led the Midwest because state regulators issued guidelines on utilities’ investments in charging stations, bringing $23.6 million in funding. The state has also signaled its intent to adopt California’s zero-emissions vehicle program for personal vehicles.
Virginia led the Southeast due to its solid incentives for electric trucks and buses, and time-varying electric rates for home and workplace chargers. It has also taken steps to decarbonize the electric grid.
After combing through policies and evaluating each state individually, ACEEE found a handful of policies that have had the greatest impact on the adoption of EVs. They include zero-emission vehicle mandates and EV deployment targets, financial incentives for EV purchases, and incentives to install vehicle chargers.
While these have been found to be the most effective policies for spurring the transition to electric transportation, they aren’t the most commonly used. According to ACEEE, the most common policies are using federal funds to buy electric transit buses (48 states), utility programs that offer lower electric rates at preferred times for Level 2 EV charging (36 states), and incentives to buy large electric pickups and delivery trucks (27 states).
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