Germany’s ISFH announces 26.1% efficiency for p-type crystalline cells

The Institute for Solar Energy Research Hamelin (ISFH) and the Leibniz Universität Hannover claim to have achieved an efficiency of 26.1% for a crystalline silicon solar cell based p-type wafer material at laboratory level.

This is a world record for p-type silicon, as well as a European record for crystalline silicon, the two entities said in a statement. The measurement was conducted by ISFH-CalTeC, at its ISO 17025-accredited Calibration and Test Center.

P-type cells currently available on the market achieve an efficiency of between 21% to 22%, although only if combined with PERC cell technology, ISFH told pv magazine. The record efficiency for such cells is 23.4%, while the record for p-type laboratory cells was recently set at around 25%.

“Our cell is now significantly above 25%,” said project manager Felix Haase. Efficiencies above 25% have been achieved with n-type silicon only in combination with boron diffusion or heterojunctions of amorphous silicon.

“Our results show that neither n-type silicon nor boron diffusion or amorphous silicon is a must for ultra-high efficiencies. There are other attractive ways to achieve the highest levels of silicon efficiency at potentially low cost,” explained Rolf Brendel, Managing Director of ISFH.

The record cell uses a passivating electron-selective n+-type polysilicon on oxide (POLO) junction at the minus contact of the cell and a hole-selective p+-type POLO junction at the plus contact, the research institute stated.

The high selectivity of these junctions would be responsible for the higher efficiency, as they are applied in an interdigitated pattern on the rear side, thus minimizing the parasitic absorption in the poly-Si, and avoiding shading by front side metallization.

The ISFH plans to replace the process steps with industry-related process steps in the coming years. The goal is the integration of the POLO junctions into the current mainstream technology. “Replacing photolithography by laser contact opening is a first important step towards industrialization as it enables screen-printing-based metallization,” said the research group coordinator Robby Peibst.

Germany’s Federal Ministry of Economy and the State of Lower Saxony have financially backed the research.