Storing heat in blocks made of aluminum, graphite


From pv magazine Australia

Shell has committed approximately AUD 580,000 ($400,000) to MGA Thermal to help finance the construction of a 5 MWh thermal energy storage pilot project. It aims to showcase the potential of the Australian company’s technology to store large amounts of energy as heat over long periods.

The company is commercializing a “miscibility gap alloy” approach to thermal energy storage. It stores heat in blocks made of aluminum and graphite, and dispatches it to generate electricity.

MGA’s patented thermal energy storage blocks, about the size of a large house brick, consist of small alloy particles embedded within graphite-based blocks enclosed in a fully insulated system. Once heated, the alloy particles can store heat for days with minimal energy loss. Heat exchangers are used a transfer gas to absorb heat from the blocks, with the heated gas or fluid suitable for industrial heat applications or to drive a steam turbine to generate electricity.

The technology has the potential to be a cost-effective, medium-duration storage technology due to its high energy density, low energy degradation, modular design and low cost. Shell’s money will support the creation of the demonstration plant at MGA’s new factory in Tomago, New South Wales. The unit has a planned storage capacity of 5 MWh, with charging and discharging at up to 500 kW for 10 hours.

Popular content

MGA Chief Operating Officer Mark Croudace said the project, which is expected to go online this year, will produce valuable performance data. He claimed that it will “provide a tangible demonstration” of the technology for customers.

“Our technology is attractive for those looking to decarbonise, with a high potential impact in the medium- to long-duration energy storage sector,” he said. “Shell’s funding, in conjunction with [Australian Renewable Energy Agency], allows us to accelerate our pilot, going live in 2023, gather additional data about our technology, and continue our rapid growth into commercial industrial and power markets.”

Shell is just the latest to back MGA’s technology, with the Australian Renewable Energy Agency providing AUD 1.27 million to help finance the pilot unit. Australia’s largest electricity generator, AGL Energy, has also shown an interest, linking with MGA to investigate the technical and financial feasibility of using thermal batteries to provide the steam for a 200 MW turbine at the Torrens Island Power Plant in South Australia.

This content is protected by copyright and may not be reused. If you want to cooperate with us and would like to reuse some of our content, please contact: