Key takeaways from Bulgaria’s RE-Source Southeast Conference

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SolarPower Europe Director for Business Development Daniel Dang said this week at the RE-Source Southeast Conference in Sofia that there were a record number of renewable energy projects in Europe last year, amounting to more than 10 GW of capacity under corporate PPAs. Spain and Germany are taking the lead in this segment of the market, but the United Kingdom and France are also getting strong on this front. Projects are growing in number and in terms of innovation and maturity, added Dang.

There are now multiple-buyer PPAs, or PPA contracts with energy storage and power generation, he said, noting that the European Union’s recently approved new electricity market design prioritizes corporate PPAs. One example of how the new European electricity market design fosters corporate PPAs is by allowing projects that combine remuneration support via contracts for difference (CfD) and PPAs, argued Dang. 

However, a key problem for the corporate PPA segment is the regular appearance of negative or very low energy prices in the continent’s power markets, noted several conference speakers. 

The region needs to stop thinking of the energy markets as if they are casinos, argued Dimitar Bartov, managing director of Sofia-based utility Synergon Energy. The past few years have been a rollercoaster, he said. The pandemic sent power prices downwards, while Russia’s war in Ukraine caused power prices to skyrocket. However, developers and utilities need to meet with clients and discuss this issue, as well as their clients' electricity profiles, he added. 

Nevertheless, Southeastern Europe does not have many large or multinational corporations that will sign 10-year PPAs. Developers often need to offer shorter PPAs for mid-size companies, added Bartov. 

Other RE-Source Southeast speakers echoed similar sentiments. For instance, Milan Kamaryt – who works on PPAs for Rezolv Energy, a renewable energy producer focusing on subsidy-free projects across Central and Southeastern Europe – said that clients are hesitant to commit to long-term PPAs due to the size of their businesses or fluctuating electricity prices. Kamaryt said these concerns can be addressed by engaging developers in discussions and considering smaller initial steps, such as initially developing small PPA projects.

However, Kamaryt said that there are so many different PPAs in the region that are driven by legislative differences between countries.

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Konstantinos Nazos, chief of energy management at PPC Group, a Greek electric utility, also noted the fragmentation of the region. He said that countries in the southeast often have very different policy frameworks and minimal or no interconnections between them.

PPC Group recently expanded in neighboring countries to become the region’s largest vertically integrated stakeholder. It wants to lead the regional power sector, diversify its risks across different markets, and serve as a reliable business partner. Nazos said the entire region's electricity profile is now modeled to improve the company's understanding of it.

Konstantin Kirov, head of sustainability at ProCredit Bank, said that there is often a discrepancy between the bank’s more conservative models and what finance-seeking businesses present. Many investors work on models with prices from two years prior.

There is no a single solution to this volatility, said Dang. Both investors and policymakers need to systematically think about the volatility issue.

Energy storage and demand-side flexibility are key solutions to address low electricity market prices in spot markets. Dang called for the integration of energy storage in renewable energy auctions and new frameworks for demand-side flexibility. This requires collaborative efforts with grid operators at the grid level.

Currently, only four EU member states operate local flexibility markets. These interventions should form part of a broader strategic policy initiative, as the continent aims to lead a net-zero future driven by green electricity across the power generation, heat, and transport sectors, said Dang.

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