SolarCity again uneven in Q3 as loans and system sales make their mark


Concerns over the financial viability of SolarCity’s business model have become more vocal in recent months, but today’s third quarter results could well muffle the murmurs of discontent, at least for a short while.

The U.S. rooftop solar installer was always a strong advocate for its no-money-down financing scheme, but has listened to its customers’ needs and demands in introducing its new solar loan and cash sales schemes – enabling homeowners to not just lease but also own their rooftop solar systems and thus be eligible for the 30% Federal Investment Tax Credit (ITC).

This evolution of the SolarCity business model appears to be paying dividends, with third quarter (Q3) financials revealing positivity across the board.

SolarCity’s revenue for Q3 reached $201 million, which represents a 76% increase year-on-year, and the 187 MW of new solar PV installed surpassed the firm’s 170 MW guidance. The firm’s installation breakdown gave a clear indication of its diversification: 147 MW of Q3’s installations were in residential, with the remaining 40 MW in the growing C&I space. Among SolarCity’s residential customers, 10% of the MW installed came via its new loan and cash sales program, which also represented 23% of gross residential MW booked in the quarter.

As a result, gross profit increased by 183% year-on-year and the company added its 300,000th customer. Losses for the quarter were $225.3 million, up from $216 million in Q2.

SolarCity’s installations are becoming more affordable, too: cost per Watt dipped back below $3.00 to $2.89 (a 5% reduction), with the value of MW deployed under its energy contracts was $3.38 per Watt. This represented a contraction on Q2 2016 when the value of MW deployed was $3.62/W. SolarCity attributes this to a higher mix of lower-priced C&I and East coast residential deployments in its mix.

In an investor letter, SolarCity provided further breakdown of what these costs mean: of that $3.38/W figure, $1.78/W was generated upfront, with $1.60/W representing the net present value offered at a 6% discount rate. Installation costs per Watt improved over the quarter by $0.05 to $2.02.

Added together, SolarCity’s net present value of customer cash flows (after project financing) stood at $2.2 billion at the end of the quarter across a cumulative installed total of 2.45 GW across the U.S.

The company confirmed that it would not be holding a conference earnings call to discuss the financials due to the ongoing $2.6 billion takeover offer from Tesla Motors, on which a shareholder vote is scheduled for November 17.

SolarCity said that it is heading into its "potential combination" with Tesla in a strong position, and cited the growing solar loan/system sales mix as a key driver behind its improving GAAP profitability. "Building on this momentum and buoyed by our new solar loan and solar roof products, we expect continued improvement in our installation run rates, cost per Watt and our cash generation in the fourth quarter of 2016 and 2017," said the investor letter.

Guidance for 2016 projects annual installations to top 900 MW, but the company declined to provide any further specific guidance on GAAP for the fourth quarter because of the proposed Tesla acquisition.

"The integration of SolarCity’s sales, service, and installation operations with Tesla’s extraordinary product development and manufacturing acumen will create a highly differentiated, integrated sustainable energy company ideally positioned to capture the $1 trillion-plus global marketplace for transportation, energy, sales and energy infrastructure," concluded the letter, which was co-signed by CEO Lyndon Rive and CFO Radford Small.

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