Citing ‘injury’ to India’s domestic solar industry, the Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR) has recommended a two-year safeguard duty on solar cells and modules imported from China and Malaysia – 25% in the first year, 20% for the first six months of the second year and 15% in the final phase.
Almost 90% of the solar panels used in Indian projects are imported from China and Malaysia, with their price typically 25-30% cheaper than locally made ones.
Other countries exporting solar equipment to India would be exempt from the proposed levy under the DGTR recommendation.
The DGTR – part of the Indian Commerce Ministry – said a 25% duty would protect domestic manufacturers from steep rises in the volume of inbound shipments of panels and cells. In its report, the government body stated the domestic solar industry had suffered from a surge in imports which has seen the domestic share of panel and module sales fall from 10% in 2014-15 to 4% in 2015-16, 8% in 2016-17 and 7% up to September 2017.
“This has caused [a] significant overall impairment to the domestic industry,” states the DGTR report. “The rise in imports – and coinciding serious injury caused to the domestic industry during the injury period – established causality.”
In January, the Directorate General of Safeguards recommended levying a 70% provisional safeguard duty on imported solar panels and modules from China and Malaysia but the recommendation could not be implemented, due to a court order blocking it.
In the past three years India has initiated more than 130 anti dumping, countervailing duty and safeguarding recommendations cases, to deal with perceived unfair trade practices and to provide a level playing field for domestic manufacturers.
And protectionism is gaining traction internationally, with U.S. president Donald Trump applying a 30% tariff on imported solar cells and modules for a year, with duties declining to 15% four years later.