Starting in 2024, all new solar and wind plants in The Netherlands with a capacity greater than 1 MW will be required to enable communications between the grid and energy assets through a so-called real-time interface (RTI).
This measure is intended to improve the grid congestion issues that have been threatening the deployment of additional renewable energy capacity over the last three years and has forced all operators to take measures and seek creative solutions to reduce the grid's burden.
The RTI has to be compliant with the International Electrotechnical Commission 61850 standard, which defines communication protocols for intelligent electronic devices at electrical substations. The requirement is in line with the framework established by the European Commission Regulation (EU) 2016/631.
One of the first Dutch vendors with a stand-alone RTI solution for PV plant operators is Withthegrid. Its Teleport product has been approved in lab tests by Norwegian classification society DNV on behalf of Netbeheer Nederland, the Dutch association of national-regional electricity and gas network operators. It is now being validated in the field by the three main grid operators, according to Paul Mignot, CEO, Withthegrid.
The Teleport is compatible with a number of brand-name inverters. It can also be connected to a battery system, wind turbines, and metering equipment. It uses standard data communications cabling, such as RS232, RS485, or Ethernet cables. It includes relevant protocols, such as Modbus, Open Charge Point Protocol, and SunSpec, which are used in inverters, electric vehicle chargers, and battery systems. It comes equipped with European-grade security and encryption, including no inbound communication channels.
The device sits between the endpoint of the distribution system operator (DSO) and the central PV inverter. It receives grid congestion signals from the DSO endpoint to limit power production, or balancing market signals from the transmission system operator (TSO), and it can then send commands, such as “limit production power” to the central inverter in a PV plant based on the owners' parameter settings.
From the grid perspective, it contributes to a balanced grid and greater safety of infrastructure. For plant operators, it makes it possible to ramp up and ramp down production within seconds, according to Mignot. “This kind of flexibility on the part of the asset owner avoids waste and financial losses,” Mignot told pv magazine.
Siemens has an RTI-compliant product that has similarly been approved for field trials, according to the website of Netbeheer Nederland.
The Netherlands urgently needs to address grid constraints, as high volumes of solar capacity will be deployed in the years ahead. Over the past two years, Liander has implemented a number of measures to increase grid capacity in several areas facing grid constraints, as such bottlenecks are preventing more renewables from going online. These measures include the deployment of two giant transformers and congestion management for grid bottlenecks.
Dutch power and gas supplier Liander recently revealed this week that residential PV system owners experienced three times as many curtailment events in the first half of 2023 than they did in the same period last year in the provinces of Gelderland, Noord-Holland, Flevoland, Friesland, and Zuid-Holland.
As of June 2022, the Netherlands had a cumulative installed PV capacity of 16.5 GW, with 3,803 MW installed in 2021 and 3,882 MW installed in 2022, according to CBS, the nation's statistics agency.
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